Renowned marine conservationist Dr Sylvia Earle is leading the Mission Blue Expedition though
South Africa to launch the country’s first six Hope Spots, including ours at Algoa Bay. She
launched it on 11 December 2014 with local Dr Lorien Pichegru, Algoa Bay Hope Spot committee
Hope Spots are special locations deemed critical to the health of the ocean and deserving of our
protection. Although 12% of land around the world is protected, less than 3% of our oceans are.
Mission Blue is committed to changing this status by establishing Hope Spots at critical marine
locations around the world.
The Algoa Bay Hope Spot is one of six initial Hope Spots identified along the coastline of South
Africa. The others are: Aliwal Shoal, Cape Whale Coast, False Bay, Knysna and Plettenberg Bay.
These Hope Spots will join others scattered around the globe to create a network of global
marine protected areas in an aim to save and restore the earth’s oceans – the “blue heart” of our
Algoa Bay was chosen for its rich marine biodiversity. Situated at the conjuncture of two major
oceanic systems, the warm Agulhas current and the upwelling current of the cold Benguela, the
bay provides the ideal conditions for supporting two different ecosystems.
The islands in the bay are home to large numbers of marine birds, including more than half the global
population of endangered African penguins, the largest breeding colony of Cape gannets on the
planet and the rare winter-breeding roseate tern.
Algoa Bay is also part of the Addo Elephant National Park, the only place in the world that’s home
to the Big 7 – great white shark, southern right whale, lion, elephant, leopard, buffalo and rhinoceros.
The bay itself is a refuge for endangered great white sharks, hammerheads and ragged-tooth sharks.
Southern right whales use the protected bay to calve, while dolphin pods and gannets make the
most of the annual migration of millions of sardines. Other shark species found here include pyjama
and leopard sharks.
The rationale behind the creation of South Africa’s Hope Spots is to involve the public, especially
children, clubs, societies and NGOs, to collaborate with authorities to make their spots places of fun,
hope, education, conservation, tourism and sustainable angling.
The Hope Spot Initiative South Africa – Ikhaya lethemba (the home of hope) – aims to harness the
power of people by involving them.
Nelson Mandela Bay is way ahead of the curve in this regard. Due to its large penguin numbers, the
South Africa Marine Rehabilitation and Education Centre (SAMREC) was founded in 2000 to care for
sick or injured penguins (and other seabirds).
Bayworld staff members have also been involved in caring for a breeding population of African
penguins and assisting in vital research to help save the species.
Due to an alarming drop in penguin numbers, Nelson Mandela Bay Tourism and Raggy Charters will
be launching the Penguin Patrol as a means of introducing tourists and locals to penguins, and
informing them about the need for protecting the birds and their habitat.
The patrol includes a morning boat cruise to St Croix Island with Raggy Charters, followed by a tour
of SAMREC and a seal and penguin presentation at
Money generated from the Penguin Patrol will help fund penguin research and rehabilitation projects,
which dovetails perfectly with the aims of the newly created Algoa Bay Hope Spot.